XVI. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, after that the two sons of Aharon the high priest had died (or, the priests the two elder sons of Aharon had died) at the time of their offering extraneous fire (aisha baria) before the Lord; died they by the flaming fire. [JERUSALEM. The two sons of Aharon, in their offering extraneous fire.] And the Lord said unto Mosheh: Speak with Aharon thy brother, that he enter not at any time into the holy place within the veil before the mercy‑seat; for the cloud of the glory of My Shekinah is revealed over the place of the mercy‑seat.
This shall be the rite (mida) for the entering of Aharon into the holy place. With a young bullock, having no mixture, for the sin offering, and a ram for the burnt offering. With the vestments of fine linen, the holy robe, shall he be dressed, and linen drawers shall be upon his flesh, and with the girdle of fine linen shall he be bound, and the mitre of fine linen shall be ordained for his head. These are the holy garments; but with the golden robes he shall not enter, that there be not brought to memory the sin of the golden calf; and at the time when he is to enter he shall wash his flesh in forty seahs of water, and attire himself with them.
And from the congregation of the sons of Israel let him take two kids of the goats, without mixture, for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. And Aharon shall offer the bullock of the sin offering which (hath been purchased) with his own money, and make an atonement with words of confession for himself and for the men of his house. And he shall take the two goats, and cause them to stand before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance. And Aharon shall put upon the goats equal lots; one lot for the Name of the Lord, and one lot for Azazel: and he shall throw them into the vase, and draw them out, and put them upon the goats. And Aharon shall bring the goat upon which came up the lot for the Name of the Lord, and make him a sin offering. And the goat on which came up the lot for Azazel he shall make to stand alive before the Lord, to expiate for the sins of the people of the house of Israel, by sending him to die in a place rough and hard in the rocky desert which is Beth‑hadurey.
And Aharon shall bring the bullock which is for himself, and make atonement with confession of words for himself, and for the men of his house, and kill the bullock for his sin offering.
And he shall take a censer full of coals burning with fire from off the altar from before the Lord, and with his hand full of sweet incense, beaten small, he shall enter within the veil. And he shall put the sweet incense upon the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of the fuming incense shall envelope the mercy‑seat that is over the testimony, that he may not die by the flaming fire before the Lord. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle with his right finger upon the face of the mercy‑seat eastward, and before the mercyseat he shall sprinkle the blood seven times with his right finger.
Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering which is (purchased with) the money of the people, and carry in of the blood of the goat within the veil, and do with the blood of the goat as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy‑seat, and before the mercy‑seat. And he shall make atonement for the holy place, with confession of words for the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and for their rebellions, and for their sins; and so shall he do for the tabernacle of ordinance which remaineth with them in the midst of their uncleanness. But let no one be in the tabernacle of ordinance at the time of his going in to make atonement in the holy place for the sins of Israel, until the time of his coming out; and so shall he make atonement for himself, and for the men of his house, and for all the congregation of Israel.
And he shall withdraw, and come forth from the holy place, unto the altar which is before the Lord, and make atonement upon it with confession of words, and take of the blood of the bullock and of the blood of the goat, mingled together, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about. And he shall sprinkle upon it from the blood with his right finger seven times, and cleanse it, and sanctify it from the defilements of the children of Israel.
And when he hath completed to make atonement for the holy place, and for the tabernacle of ordinance, and for the altar, with confession of words, he shall bring near the living goat. And Aharon shall lay his hands (upon him) in this order, his right hand upon his left, upon the head of the living goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their rebellions, and all their sins, and shall put them, with an oath uttered and expressed with the Great and glorious Name, upon the head of the goat, and send (him) away by the hand of a man prepared from the year foregoing, to take him into a rocky desert which is Beth‑hadurey; and the goat shall bear upon him all their sins into a desert place; and the man shall send forth the goat to a rocky desert; and the goat will go up on the mountains of Beth‑hadurey, and a tempestuous wind from the presence of the Lord will carry him away, and he will die.
And Aharon shall enter the tabernacle of ordinance, and take off the robes of fine linen with which he was attired at the time of his going into the holy place, and shall lay them aside there. Then shall he wash his flesh in the sanctuary, and afterward attire himself, and withdraw, and come forth, and perform his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for his people. And the fat of the sin offering he shall burn at the altar.
And he who led away the goat to Azazel shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in forty seahs of water, and afterward he may enter the camp. But the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought into the sanctuary to make atonement, shall be carried away upon carriages by the hands of young men who are priests; and they shall bear them without the camp, and burn them with fire, their skin, their flesh, and their dung. And he who burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in forty seahs of water, and afterwards he may enter the camp.
And this shall be to you for an everlasting statute: in the seventh month, it is the month Tishri, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls, (abstaining) from food, and from drinks, and from the use of the bath, and from rubbing, and from sandals, and from the practice of the bed: nor shall you do any work, neither the native‑born nor the stranger who dwelleth among you. For on this day be shall make ATONEMENT for you to cleanse you from all your sins; and you shall confess your transgressions before the Lord, and shall be clean. It is a Sabbath of rest to you: no work of business shall you do, but shall humiliate your souls. [JERUSALEM. But in it you shall fast for your souls.] It is an everlasting statute.
And the priest who is anointed, and who hath offered his oblation to minister instead of his father, shall be clothed in the robes of fine linen, even the consecrated robes. And he shall make atonement for the Holy of Holies, and for the tabernacle of ordinance, and for the altar; and for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation, shall he atone, with confession of words. And this shall be to you for an everlasting statute, to expiate the children of Israel from all their sins, once in the year. And Aharon did as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
XVII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with Aharon and with his sons, and with the sons of Israel, and tell them: This is the word which the Lord hath commanded, saying: A man of the house of Israel, young or old, who shall kill as a sacrifice a bullock, or lamb, or goat in the camp, or who killeth it without the camp, and bringeth it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance to offer it an oblation before the Lord, before the tabernacle of the Lord, the blood of slaughter shall be reckoned to that man, and it shall be to him as if he had shed innocent blood, and that man shall be destroyed from his people. In order that the sons of Israel may bring their sacrifices which they have [heretofore] killed on the face of the field, they may [henceforth] bring them before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, unto the priest, and sacrifice their consecrated victims before the Lord. And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, and burn the fat, to be received with acceptance before the Lord. Neither shall they offer any more their sacrifices unto idols which are like unto demons, after which they have wandered. This shall be an everlasting statute to them, unto their generations.
And thou shalt tell them: A man, whether young or old, of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who shall sacrifice a burnt offering, or consecrated oblation, and bring it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, to be made an oblation before the Lord, that man shall be destroyed from his people.
A man also, whether young or old, of the house of the family of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn, in dwelling among them, who shall eat any blood, I will cause employment to turn away (or cease) from that man who eateth any blood, and will destroy him from among his people. Because the subsistence of the life of all flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you for a decree, that you shall bring the blood of the victim unto the altar to make atonement for the blood of your lives, because the blood of the victim is to atone for the guilt of the soul. Therefore have I said to the sons of Israel, Beware lest any man among you eat the blood. Neither shall the strangers who sojourn by dwelling among you eat the blood. And any man, whether young or old, of the house of the stock of Israel, or of the sojourners who sojourn by dwelling among you, who hunteth venison of beast or fowl proper to be eaten, shall pour out its blood when it is killed; and if what he hath killed be not destroyed (or strangled?), let [the blood] be covered with dust. Because the subsistence of the life of all flesh is its blood; it is its life; and I have told the sons of Israel, You shall not eat the blood of any flesh; for the subsistence of the life of all flesh is its blood: whosoever among you eateth it shall be destroyed. And any man who shall eat flesh which hath been thrown away on account of having been strangled (or corrupted), or the flesh of that which hath been torn, (any man,) whether native or sojourner, shall wash his clothes, and bathe in forty seahs of water, and be unclean until evening when he shall be clean; but if he be perverse and will not wash, nor bathe his flesh, he shall bear histransgression. [JERUSALEM. And if he will not cleanse nor purify his flesh, he shall bear his transgression.]
XVIII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with the sons of Israel, and say to them, I am the Lord your God. After the evil work of the people of the land of Mizraim, among whom you have dwelt, you shall not do; so likewise, after the evil work of the people of the land of Kenaan, whither I am bringing you, ye shall not do, neither shall you walk according to their laws; but you shall perform the orders of My judgments, and observe My statutes to walk in them: I am the Lord your God. And you shall keep My statutes, and the order of My judgments, which if a man do he shall live in them, in the life of eternity, and his portion shall be with the just: I am the Lord.
man, either young or old, shall come nigh to any of the kindred of his flesh
to dishonour (their) nakedness by carnality, or by the knowledge of their
nakedness. I am the Lord. The nakedness of thy father, or the nakedness of
thy mother, thou shall not dishonour. A woman shall not lie with her father,
nor a man with his mother; she is thy mother: thou shalt not discover her
nakedness. The nakedness of thy father's wife thou shalt not dishonour, for
it is the nakedness of thy father. The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter
of thy father, or the daughter of thy mother, (or of her) whom, thy father
begat by another wife, or of thy mother, whom thy mother bare by thy father
or by another husband, thou shalt not dishonour. The nakedness of thy son's
daughter, or the daughter of thy daughter, thou shalt not dishonour, because
they are as thy own nakedness. The nakedness of thy father's wife's daughter,
who hath been begotten of thy father, she is thy sister, thou shalt not dishonour.
The nakedness of thy father's sister thou shalt not dishonour; she is of kin
to thy father's flesh. The nakedness of thy mother's sister thou shall not
dishonour; for she is of kin to thy mother's flesh. The nakedness of thy father's
brother thou shalt not dishonour, nor come nigh to his wife carnally; she
is the wife of thy father's brother. The nakedness of thy daughter‑in‑law
thou shalt not dishonour; she is the wife of thy son, thou shalt not dishonour
her nakedness. The nakedness of thy brother's wife thou shalt not dishonour
in the life‑time of thy brother, or after his death, if he have children;
for it is the nakedness of thy brother. The nakedness of a woman and of her
daughter thou shalt not dishonour, neither shalt thou take her son's daughter
or the daughter of her daughter, to dishonour their nakedness; for they are
of kin to her flesh; it is corruption. Neither shalt thou take a wife in the
lifetime of her sister, to aggrieve her by dishonouring her nakedness, over
her, all the days of her life. And unto the side of a woman in the time of
the separation of her uncleanness thou shalt not draw nigh to dishonour her
nakedness. Nor unto the side of thy neighbour's wife shalt thou come to defile
her. And of thy offspring thou shalt not give up any to lie carnally with
the daughters of the Gentiles, to perform strange worship; nor shalt thou
profane the Name of thy God: I am the Lord. [JERUSALEM. Neither shall ye profane
the Name of your God: thus speaketh the Lord.] Nor with a male person shalt
thou lie as with a woman; it is an abhorrent thing. Neither shalt thou lie
with any beast to corrupt thyseIf therewith nor shall any woman approach before
a beast for evil pleasure; it is confusion. Defile not yourselves by any one
of all these; for by all these have the peoples defiled themselves whom I
am about to drive away from before you. And the land hath been defiled, and
I have visited the guilt upon it, and the land delivereth itself of its inhabitants.
But you, O` congregation of Israel, observe My statutes, and the order of
My judgments, and commit not one of these abominations, neither (you who are)
native born, or the strangers who sojourn among you. For these abominable
things have been done by the men of the land who have been before you, so
that the land hath been polluted: lest, when you pollute the land, it cast
you forth, as it will have delivered itself of the people that were before
you. [JERUSALEM. And the land cast you not forth.] For whoever committeth
any one of these abominations, the souls who do so shall be destroyed from
among their people. Observe you (then) the keeping of My Word, in being careful
to avoid the practice of these abominable rites, which have been practised
in the land before you, and the defilement of yourselves by them: I am the
 Or, "with confession of words:" be-ishteoth milaya.
 Aslin, "bars."
 Castel. 2152