SECTION XLI.

PHINEHAS.

      AND the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Phinehas the son of Elazar, the son of Aharon, the priest, hath turned away My anger from the children of Israel, in that he was zealous with My zeal among them; and I have not consumed the children of Israel in My jealousy. Say therefore to him (that), behold, I decree unto him My covenant of peace; and he shall have it and his sons after him; a covenant of priesthood for ever, because he hath been zealous before his God, and hath propitiated for the children of Israel.

      And the name of the man of Israel who was slain with the Midianitess was Zimri bar Salu, a chief of the house of his fathers of the house of Shemeon; and the name of the woman, the Midianitess, was Kosbe, the daughter of Zur, who was chief of the people of his father's house in Midian.

      And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Punish the Midianites and slay them, for they afflict you with their snares, with which they ensnare you; as by the occasion of Pheor, and by that of Kosbe, daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, who was slain on the day of the pestilence in the matter of Pheor.

      XXVI. And it came to pass after the plague, that the Lord spake to Mosheh and to Elazar bar Aharon the priest, saying: Take the account of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, from a son of twenty years and upwards by the house of their fathers, everyone that goeth out with the host in Israel. And Mosheh and Elazar the priest spake with them, and directed to number them in the plains of Moab, by the Jordan (over against) Jericho, saying: From a son of twenty years and upward, as the Lord commanded Mosheh, and the sons of Israel who went forth from the land of Mizraim.

      Reuben, the first-born of Israel: the sons of Reuben, Hanok, the family of Hanok; Phallu, and the family of Phallu; of Hezron, the family of Hezron; of Karmi, the family of Karmi. These are the families of Reuben, and they who were numbered of them were forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty. And of the sons of Phallu, Eliab; and the sons of Eliab, Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram: these are Dathan and Abiram who called the congregation that gathered against Mosheh and Aharon in the congregation of Korach, in their gathering against the Lord, when the earth opened her mouth and swallowed them with Korach, and the congregation died, being devoured by the fire, two hundred and fifty men; and they became a sign; but the sons of Korach died not.

      The sons of Shimeon by their families: of Nemuel, the family of Nemuel; of Jamin, the family of Jamin; of Zerach, the family of Zerach; of Shaul, the family of Shaul. These are the families of Shemeon, twenty-two thousand two hundred. The sons of Gad after their families; of Zephon, the family of Zephon; of Haggi, the family of Haggi; of Shumi, the family of Shumi; of Aggi, the family of Aggi; of Ozni, the family of Ozni; of Heri, the family of Heri; of Arod, the family of the Arodi of Areli, the family of Areli. These are the families of the Beni Gad, the number of whom was forty thousand five hundred.

      Of the sons of Jehudah, Her and Onan: but Her and Onan died in the land of Kenaan; of the sons of Jehudah after their families: of Shelah, the family of Shelah; of Pherez, the family of Pherez; of Zerach, the family of Zerach. Of the sons of Pherez: of Hezron, the family of Hezron; of Hamul, the family of Hamul.

These are the families of Jehudah; the number of them seventy-six thousand five hundred.

      The sons of Issakar by their families: Tola, the family of Tola; of Phua, the family of the Phuni;of Jasub, the family of Jasub; of Shimron, the family of Shimron. These are the families of Issakar; their number sixty- four thousand three hundred.

      The sons of Zebulon by their families: of Sared, the family of Sared; of Elon, the family of Elon; of Jahleel, the family of Jahleel. These are the families of Zebulon, by their number sixty thousand five hundred.

      The sons of Joseph by their families, Menasheh and Ephraim, the sons of Menasheh: of Makir, the family of Makir; and Makir begat Gilead; of Gilead, the family of Gilead. These are the children of Gilead: of Jezar, the family of Jezar; of Helek, the family of Helek;  and of Asriel, the family of Asrieli; and of Shekem, the family of Shekem; and of Shemida, the family of Shemida; and of Hepher, the family of Hepher. And Zelophechad[1] bar Hepher had no sons, but daughters; and the names of the daughters of Zelophechad were Mahali, and Nohah, Hegelah, Milchah, and Thirzah. These are the families of Menasheh, and their number fifty-two thousand seven hundred.

      These are the sons of Ephraim by their families: of Shuthelah, the family of Shuthelah; of Bekir, the family of Bekir; of Tachan, the family of Tachan. And these are the sons of Shuthelah: of Heran, the family of Heran. These are the families of the Beni-Ephraim, the number of whom was thirty-two thousand five hundred. These are the sons of Joseph by their families.

      The sons of Benjamin by their families: of Bela, the family of Bela; of Ashbal, the family of Ashbal; of Ahiram, the family of Ahiram; of Shefuphim, the family of Shefuphim; of Hupham, the family of Hupham. And the sons of Bela, Arede and Naaman; the family of the Aredi; and of Naaman, the family of Naaman. These are the sons of Benjamin after their families, and their number forty-five thousand six hundred.

      These are the children of Dan, after their families: of Shuham, the families of Shuham. These are the families of Dan after their families, and the number of the families of Shuham sixty-four thousand four hundred.

      The sons of Asher, after their families: of Jimna, the families of Jimna; of Jeshvi, the families of Jeshvi; of Beriah, the family of Beriah. Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of Heber; of Malkiel, the family of Malkiel. But the name of the daughter of Asher was Sarach. These are the families of the Beni Asher, by their number fifty-three thousand four hundred.

      The sons of Naphtali, after their families: of Jahziel, the families of Jahziel; of Gunni, the families of Gunni; of Jezer, the family of Jezer; of Shelem, the family of Shelem. These are the families of Naphtali by their families, and their number forty-five thousand four hundred.

      These were the numbered of the sons of Israel, six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty.

      And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Unto these thou shalt divide the land for a possession, according to the number of their names. To the many thou shalt make large their possession, and to the few thou shalt make their possession small; to each according to his number shalt thou give his inheritance. Nevertheless the land shall be divided by lot, according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. By the lot shall their inheritance be divided among the many and the few.

      And these are the sons of Levi, after their families: of Gershon, the families of Gershon; of Kehath, the family of Kehath; of Merari, the families of Merari. These are the families of Levi: the family of Libni, the family of Hebron, the family of Machli, the family of Mushi, the family of Korach. And Kehath begat Amram. And the name of Amram's wife was Jokebed, a daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi, in Mizraim; and she bare unto Amram Aharon, and Mosheh, and Miriam their sister. And unto Aharon were born Nadab and Abihu, Elazar and Ithamar.

But Nadab and Abihu died in their offering strange fire before the Lord. And the numbered of them were twenty-three thousand of all the males from a month old and upwards: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because no possession was given to them among the children of Israel.

      These (are they whom) Mosheh and Elazar the priest numbered of the sons of Israel, in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, (over against) Jericho. But among these there was not a man of them whom Mosheh and Aharon the priest numbered when they counted the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. For the Lord had said to them that dying they should die in the wilderness; and not a man of them remained, except Kaleb bar Jephuneh and Jehoshua bar Nun.

      XXVII. And the daughters of Zelophechad bar Hepher, bar Gilead, bar Makir, bar Menasheh, of the families of Menasheh, bar Joseph, -and these are the names of his daughters, Mahelah, Nohah, and Hegelah, and Milchah, and Thirzah, came and stood before Mosheh and Elazar the priest, and before the princes, and all the congregation, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, saying: Our father died in the wilderness; but he was not among the company which gathered against the Lord in the congregation of Korach, but died through his ( own) sin; and he had no sons. Why should the name of our father be taken away from among his kindred, because he had no son? Give us an inheritance among the brethren of our father.

      And Mosheh brought their cause before the Lord. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: The daughters of Zelophechad have spoken properly. Give thou to them the possession of an inheritance among the brethren of their father, and transfer to them their father's inheritance. And speak with the children of Israel, saying: If a man die, having no son, you shall make over his inheritance to his daughter; and if he have no daughter, you shall give his inheritance to his brethren; but if he have no brothers, you shall give his inheritance to the brethren of his father;and if his father have no brothers, then shall you give his inheritance to his relative who is next (of kin) to him of his family, and he shall inherit it. And this shall be to the children of Israel for a decree of judgment, as the Lord hath commanded Mosheh.

      And the Lord said unto Mosheh, Go up to this mountain of the Abaraee, and see the land which I have given to the children of Israel; and thou shalt see it, and be gathered to thy people, thou also, as Aharon thy brother was gathered.

As ye rebelled against My Word in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify Me at the waters before their eyes; these are the waters of strife, at Rekem, in the desert of Zin.

      And Mosheh spake before the Lord, saying; Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation who may go out and go in before them, and may lead them out and bring them in; that this congregation may not be as a flock which hath no shepherd. And the Lord said to Mosheh, Take to thee Jehoshua bar Nun, a man in whom is the spirit of prophecy, and lay thy hand upon him. And make him stand before Elazar the priest, and before all the congregation, and give him charge in their sight. And thou shalt confer some of thy honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may obey him. And he shall stand before Elazar the priest, that he may ask (counsel) for him by the judgment of Uraia before the Lord: upon his word shall they go out, and upon his word shall they come in, he and all the sons of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

      And Mosheh did as the Lord commanded him, and took Jehoshua, and made him to stand before Elazar the priest, and all the congregation; and he laid his hands upon him, and gave him charge, as the Lord spake by Mosheh.

      XXVIII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Instruct the children of Israel, and say to them: My oblation, the ordained bread for My oblations to be received with acceptance, shall you observe to offer in its time. And thou shalt say to them: This is the oblation which you shall offer before the Lord; two lambs of the year unblemished daily, for a perpetual burnt offering. The one lamb shalt thou perform in the morning, and the second lamb between the suns. And with one tenth of three seahs of flour for the mincha sprinkled with the fourth of a hin of beaten oil. It is a perpetual burnt offering, which was made in the mountain of Sinai, to be received with acceptance (as) an oblation before the Lord. And its libation shall be the fourth of a hin for each lamb; in the sanctuary shall the libation of old wine be poured out before the Lord. And the second lamb shalt thou perform between the suns, as the morning offering; and thou shalt make its libation (in like manner) an oblation to be received with acceptance before the Lord.

      But on the Sabbath day two lambs of the year unblemished, and two tenths of flour for the mincha sprinkled with oil, and its libation. It is the Sabbath burnt offering which shall be performed on the Sabbath, together with the perpetual burnt offering and its libation.

      And in the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering before the Lord; two young bullocks, and one ram, lambs of the year, seven, unblemished. And three tenths of flour sprinkled with oil for each bullock, and two tenths of flour for a mincha sprinkled with oil for the one ram, and a tenth of flour for a mincha sprinkled with oil for each lamb: it is a burnt offering to be received with acceptance as an oblation before the Lord. And their libations a half hina of wine shall be for the bullock, and the third of a hina for the ram, and a quarter of a hina for a lamb: this is the burnt offering for the beginning of the month, at its renewal; so shall it be for all the beginnings of the months of the year. And one kid of the goats for a sin offering before the Lord, beside the perpetual burnt offering, shalt thou make with its libation.

      And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is the Pascha before the Lord.  And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days you shall eat unleavened (bread). On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall not do any servile work; but offer the oblation of a burnt offering before the Lord; two young bullocks and one ram, and seven lambs of the year without blemish shall you have; and their mincha of flour mingled with oil, three tenths for the bullock and two tenths for the ram you shall make; a tenth shall you make for one lamb, so for the seven lambs. And one goat for a sin offering to make atonement for you; besides the burnt sacrifice of the morning which is the perpetual burnt sacrifice, you shall make these. After the manner of these you shall do by the day for seven days; it is the bread of the oblation to be received with acceptance before the Lord; (with) the perpetual burnt offering and its libation shall it be made. And on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation, (when) you may do no servile work.

      But on the day of the First Fruits, when you bring the new thank offering before the Lord in your expletion,[2] there shall be a holy convocation; no servile work shall you do, but offer a burnt offering to be received with favour before the Lord; two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the year; and their mincha of flour mingled with oil, three tenths for one bullock, two tenths for the ram, a tenth for each lamb of the seven lambs; one kid of the goats to make an atonement for you; beside the perpetual burnt sacrifice and its mincha you shall (make) them unblemished, and their libations.

      XXIX. And in the seventh month, on the first of the month, you shall have a holy convocation, and do no servile work; it shall be a day of the sounding of the trumpet to you. And you shall make a burnt sacrifice to be received with favour before the Lord: one young bullock, one ram, lambs of the year seven, unblemished, and their mincha of flour mingled with oil, three tenths for the bullock, two tenths for the ram,  and one tenth for each of the seven lambs; and one kid of the goats for a sin offering to make an atonement for you; beside the offering of the month, and its mincha, and the perpetual sacrifice and its mincha, and their libations, as proper for them, to be received with favour, an oblation before the Lord.

      And on the tenth of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and afflict your souls;[3] you shall do no labour, but offer a burnt offering before the Lord to be received with favour: one young bullock, one ram, lambs of the year seven, unblemished shall you have; and their mincha of flour mingled with oil; three tenths for the bullock, two tenths for the ram,  and a single tenth for each of the seven lambs; one kid of the goats for a sin offering, beside the sin offering of the expiations,[4] and the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and their libations.

      And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; no servile labour shall you do, but celebrate a festival before the Lord seven days; and offer a burnt sacrifice, an oblation to be received with favour before the Lord; thirteen young bullocks, two rams, lambs of the year fourteen, unblemished shall they be; and their mincha of flour mingled with oil, three tenths to one bullock for the thirteen bullocks, two tenths for each ram, and one tenth for each of the fourteen lambs, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      And on the second day you shall offer twelve young bullocks, two rams, fourteen unblemished lambs of the year, and the minchas and libations for the bullocks, for the rams and the lambs, as is proper for their number; and one kid of the goats, a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      And on the third day eleven bullocks, two rams, fourteen unblemished lambs of the year; and their minchas and libations for the bullocks, the rams, and the lambs, as befitteth their number; and one kid for a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      On the fourth day ten bullocks, two rams, lambs of the year unblemished fourteen; their minchas and libations for the bullocks, rams, and lambs by their number, as it is proper;  and one kid of the goats for a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two rams, lambs of the year unblemished fourteen; the minchas and libations for the bullocks, rams, and lambs after their number, as it is proper; and one kid for a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice and its libation.

      And on the sixth day eight bullocks, two rams, lambs of the year unblemished fourteen; the minchas and libations for the bullocks, rams, and lambs by their number, as is proper;  and one kid for the sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      And on the seventh day seven bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs of the year unblemished;  the minchas and libations for the bullocks, rams, and lambs by their number, as is proper;  and one kid for the sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      On the eighth day you shall have all assembly; no servile work shall you do,

but offer a sacrifice, all oblation to be received with favour before the Lord; one bullock, one ram, seven Iambs of the year unblemished; the minchas and libations for the bullock, the ram, and the lambs, as proper, according to their number; and one kid for a sill offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, its mincha and libation.

      These shall you offer before the Lord in your solemnities, beside your vows and your free-will offerings with your burnt sacrifices, their minchas and their libations, and with your sanctified victims. XXX. And Mosheh spake to the sons of Israel according to all that the Lord commanded Mosheh.



[1] Or, Zelophchad.

[2] Beatsrathekun. Qu., “When your time of threshing and wine-making is out.” Heb. text, Beshabuothekem, rendered by Mendelssohn, “Wenn eure Wochen zu ende sind.”

[3] Sam. Vers., “You shall fast.”

[4] This being the day of atonement.