hath an issue, or whose seed goeth from him, and who is defiled therewith; and of her who hath an issue of separation; and of him who hath a flowing issue, of the male and of the female, and of him who lieth with her who is unclean.

 

SECTION XXIX.

 

ACHAREY.

 

XVI. AND the Lord spake with Mosheh after the two sons of Aharon were dead, who offered the strange fire before the Lord, and died; and the Lord said unto Mosheh, Speak with Aharon thy brother, that he may not enter at any time into the Holy Place within the veil before the mercy‑seat which is upon the ark, that he die not; for in the cloud will I reveal Myself over the mercy‑seat.

 

With this shall Aharon enter the holy place: With a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. With the holy linen vesture shall he be clothed, and linen drawers shall be upon his flesh, and with the linen girdle shall he be bound, and the linen mitre shall be upon his head: these are holy garments; and he shall wash his flesh in water, and then put them on.

 

And of the congregation of the sons of Israel let him take two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. And Aharon shall offer the bullock of the sin offering for himself, and make atonement for himself and for the men of his house.

 

And he shall take the two goats, and make them to stand before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance. And Aharon shall put lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Name of the Lord, and one lot for Azazel.[1] And Aharon shall offer the goat whose lot came up for the Name of the Lord, and make him a sin offering; and the goat whose lot came up for Azazel he shall make to stand alive before the Lord, to make an atonement upon him, and to send him away to Azazel, to the desert.

 

And Aharon shall offer the bullock for his own sin, and make atonement for himself and for the men of his house and he shall kill the bullock for the sin offering which is for himself. And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before the Lord, and his handful of sweet incense beaten small, and carry (them) within the veil. And he shall put the sweet incense upon the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of incense will envelope the mercy‑seat which is over the testimony, that he may not die. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the face of the mercy‑seat eastward, and before the mercy-seat he shall sprinkle seven times of the blood with his finger.

 

      And be shall kill the goat for the sin offering of the people, and enter, with its blood, within the veil, and do with his blood as he had done with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy‑seat and before the mercy‑seat. And he shall (thus) make atonement for the holy place on account of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and the rebellion of all their sin. And so shall he do for the tabernacle of ordinance which remaineth with them in the midst of their un­cleanness. But no man shall be in the tabernacle of ordinance (at the time of) his entering to make atonement in the holy place until his coming out: and he shall atone for himself, and for the men of his house, and for all the congregation of Israel.

 

And he shall go forth to the altar which is before the Lord, and make atonement for it; and take of the blood of the bullock and of the goat's blood, and put upon the horns of the altar round about; and of the blood he shall sprinkle upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it and sanctify it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

 

And when he hath completed to atone for the holy place, and for the tabernacle of ordinance, and for the altar, then shall he bring the living goat. And Aharon shall lay his two hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their rebellions, and all their sins, and put them upon the head of the goat, and send him away, by the hand of an appointed man, to go into the desert. And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities into a land not inhabited; and he shall send the goat away into the desert.

 

And Aharon shall go into the tabernacle of ordinance, and put off the linen robes which he wore on going into the Holy Place, and shall lay them there aside. And he shall wash his flesh with water in the Holy Place, and put on his garments, and come forth to offer his burnt sacrifice, and the burnt sacrifice of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. And the fat of the sin offering he shall burn at the altar.

 

But he who led away the goat unto Azazel shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterwards go into the camp. And the bullock of the sin offering whose blood was carried in to make atonement in the Holy Place, he shall take forth out of the camp, and they shall burn their skins and their flesh and their food with fire. And he who burned them must wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh with water, and may then enter into the camp.

 

And this shall be to you for an everlasting statute: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict (humble) your souls,[2] and do no work, whether the native‑born or the stranger that dwelleth among you. For on that day he shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you from all your sins, that you may be cleansed from all your sins before the Lord. A Sabbath it shall be to you, and you shall humble your souls. It is an everlasting statute.

 

And the priest whom he shall anoint, and who shall offer his oblation, to minister instead of his father, shall make the atonement, and dress himself with the vestments of fine linen, even the consecrated vestments. And he shall make atonement for the Holy of Holies, and for the tabernacle of ordinance and for the altar he shall atone, and for all the people of the congregation shall he atone. And this shall be to you an everlasting statute for the expiation of all the children of Israel from all their sins once in the year. And he did as the Lord commanded Mosheh.

 

XVII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with Aharon, and with his sons, and with all the sons of Israel, and say to them: This is the word which the Lord hath commanded, saying: Any man of the house of Israel who shall kill bullock or lamb or goat in the camp, or who shall kill (such as sacrifices) without the camp, and bring it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, that it may be offered an oblation in the presence of the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord, blood shall be reckoned to that man; he hath shed blood, and that man shall be destroyed from his people. In order that the sons of Israel may bring their victims which they (formerly) sacrificed upon the face of the field, before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, unto the priest, and offer them as consecrated oblations in the presence of the Lord.

 

And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, and burn the fat to be received with acceptance before the Lord. And they shall no more sacrifice their victims unto demons after which they have wandered: this shall be an everlasting statute to you unto your generations.

 

And say thou to them, Whatever man of the house of Israel, or the stranger who sojourneth among you, who sacrificeth a burnt offering or a consecrated victim, and bringeth it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, that it may be performed before the Lord, that man shall be destroyed from his people. And what man soever of the house of Israel or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who shall eat any blood, I will set my anger[3] upon the man who shall have eaten blood, and will destroy him[4] from among his people. Because the life of flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it IS THE BLOOD THAT ATONETH FOR THE SOUL. Therefore have I said to the children of Israel, Let no man of you eat blood, nor let the strangers who sojourn among you eat blood; and whatever man of the sons of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, that hunteth venison of beast or bird which may be eaten, let him pour out its blood and cover it in the earth (or in the dust); for the life of all flesh is its blood; it is for its life; and I have said to the children of Israel, You shall not eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood; every one who eateth of it shall be destroyed.

 

And every one who eateth of a carcase (that hath died of itself) or hath been torn, whether he be native born or of the strangers, let him wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening, and (then) shall he be clean. But if he wash not, nor bathe his flesh, he shall bear his transgression.

 

XVIII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with the sons of Israel, and say unto them: I am the Lord your God: You shall not do according to the people of the land of Mizraim in which you dwelt, nor after the works of the people of the land of Kenaan, whither I am bringing you, shall you do, neither shall you walk in their laws. My judgments shall you perform and keep My statutes to walk in them; I am the Lord your God. And you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man do he shall live by them an everlasting life. I am the Lord.

 

      No man shall come nigh to any of his own flesh to uncover the nakedness; I am the Lord. The naked­ness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother, thou shalt not uncover. She is thy mother; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. The nakedness of thy father's wife thou shalt not uncover, it is thy father’s nakedness. The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or the daughter of thy mother, who hath been begotten of thy father by another wife, or of thy mother by another husband, their nakedness thou shalt not uncover. The nakedness of thy son's daughter, or the daughhter of thy daughter, thou shalt not uncover; for they are thy nakedness. The nakedness of the daughter of thy father's wife who hath been begotten of thy father, who is thv sister, thou shalt not uncover. The nakedness of thy father's sister thou shalt not uncover; she is of kin to thy father. The nakedness of thy mother's sister thou shalt not uncover; for she is of kin to thy mother. The nakedness of thy father's brother thou shalt not uncover; unto his wife thou shalt not come near; she is the wife of thy father's brother. The nakedness of thy daughter‑in‑law thou shalt not uncover; she is thy son's wife, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. The nakedness of thy brother's wife thou shalt not uncover; it is thy brother's nakedness. The nakedness of a woman and of her daughter thou shalt not uncover; thou shalt not take the daughter of her son nor the daughter of her daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are near of kin, it is a device of wickedness. And a wife with her sister thou shalt not take to cause her tribulation by uncovering her nakedness over her in her life (time). And unto a woman in the separation of her uncleanness shalt thou not come near to uncover her nakedness. Nor with the wife of thy neighbour shalt thou carnally lie to defile her. And of thy children thou shalt give none to transfer them to Molek, (or, to make them pass through to Molek,) neither shalt thou profane the Name of the Lord thy God: I am the Lord. And with the male thou shalt not lie as with the woman; it is an abhorrent thing. Nor with any beast shall be thy lying down to defile thyseIf with it; neither shall a woman stand before a beast to permit him to prevail with her; it is confusion. [5] Ye shall not pollute yourselves with any of these; for with all these have the peoples defiled themselves whom I am about to drive away from before you. And the land (itself) is contaminated; and I will visit the guilt that is upon it, and the land shall vomit forth the inhabitants. But you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, and commit none of these abominations,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] To be sent to Azazel, a steep rough mountain, (RASHI) not far from Mount Sinai (EBEN EZRA). See the Talmud in Joma, 67. Compare the Glossary, pp. 66-68.

[2] Sam. Vers., “by fasting.”

[3] Sam. Vers., “I will stir up my wrath.”

[4] “I will extripate him.”

[5] Sam. Vers., “It is indignation.”