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2.1 Cognate Books


Abusch, T., and K. van der Toorn, eds., Mesopotamian Magic: Textual, Historical and Interpretive Perspectives, Studies in Ancient Magic and Divination 1 (Assen: Van Gorcum, STYX Publications, 1998). Aramaic.

Ahituv, S., and B.A. Levine, eds., Eretz-Israel: Archeological, Historical, and Geographical Studies, vol 24. Avraham Malamat Volume (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1993). Aramaic.

Aland, B., K. Aland, et al., Novum Testamentum Graecum.  Editio Critica Maior IV Die Katholischen Briefe Part 1: Text.  Installment  I: James.  Part 2: Supplementary Material Installment J (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1997). Syriac.

Alsaruddin, A., and A.H.M. Zahniser, eds., Humanism, Culture and Language in the Near East. Studies in Honor of G. Krotoff (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1997). Aramaic.

Amadasi, G., M.G. Eugenia, and E. Schneider, Petra (München: Hirmer, 1998).  Nabatean.

Amphoux, C.-B., et al., Études sémitiques  et samaritaines offertes à  Jean Margain, Histoire du Texte Biblique 4 (Lausanne: Éditions  du zèbre, 1998).  Syriac, Aramaic.

Avigad, N., Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1997). Revised and completed by B. Sass. Aramaic.

Axskjöld, C.-J., Aram as the Enemy Friend:  The Ideological Role of Aram in the Composition of Genesis-2Kings, ConBOT 45 (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1998). Aramaic, Tel Dan.

Bar-Asher, M., ed, Gideon Goldenburg Festschrift, Masserot: Studies in Language Traditions and Jewish Languages 9-11 (Jerusalem: Hebrew University Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Bar-Asher, M., Studies in Hebrew and Jewish Languages.  Presented to Schlomo Morag (Jerusalem: Hebrew University and Bialik Institute, 1996). Aramaic.

Barhebreus, G., Ethicon (Memra I) Herman Teule, ed. and trans. (Louvain: Peeters, 1993).

Bauer, Dieter, Das Buch Daniel (Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1996). Daniel.

Beckman, G., and H.A. Hoffner, eds., Hittite Diplomatic Texts, SBL Writings from the Ancient world Series 7 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996).  Aramaic.

Beentjes, P.C., ed., The Book of Ben Sira in Modern Research (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1997). Aramaic, Syriac.

Bennett, P.R., Comparative Semitic Linguistics (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998). Aramaic.

Bergren, T.A., Sixth Ezra: The Text and Its Origin (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).  Aramaic, Syriac.

Bernett, M., and O. Keel, Mond Steir un Kult am Stadttor: Die Stele von Bethsaida (et-Tell), OBO 161 (Fribourg: Editions universitaires, 1998).  Aramaic.

Beyer, K., Die aramäischen Inschriften aus Assur, Hatra und dem übrigen Ostmesopotamien (datiert 44 v.Chr. bis 238 n. Chr.) (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1998).

Blanchard, M.J., and R. D.Young, A Treatise on God written in Armenian by Eznik of Ko/b  (Floruit c. 430 - c. 450). An English Translation, with Introduction and Notes, Eastern Christian Texts in Translation 2 (Leuven: Peeters, 1998). Syriac.

Boccaccini, G., Beyond the Essene Hypothesis (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998). Aramaic.

Boismard, M.-E., Critique textuelle ou critique litéraire? (Paris: Gabalda, 1998). Syriac.

Boismard, M.-É., L’Évangile de l’enfance (Luc 1-2) selon le proto-Luc, Etudes Bibliques N.S. 35 (Paris: Gabalda, 1997).

Bolin, T.M., Freedom beyond Forgiveness: The Book of Jonah Re-Examined, JSOTSup 236, Copenhagen International Seminar 3 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997).

Bombeck, S., Das althebräische Verbalsystem aus aramäischer Sicht. Masoretischer Text, Targume und Peshitta (Berne: Peter Lang, 1997).

Borbone, P.G. et al., eds. The Old Testament in Syriac according to the Peshitta Version.  Part V: Concordance, Vol. 1, The Pentateuch (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Syriac.

Borgen, P., Philo of Alexandria: An Exegete for His Time, NovTSup 86 (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Aramaic, Genesis Apocryphon.

Bos, G., Ibn al-Jazz¯r on Forgetfulness and its Treatment: Critical Edition of the Arabic Text and the Hebrew Transtlations with Commentary with Translation into English, The Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series 1 (London: The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1995).

Botterwreck, G.J., et al., Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998). Aramaic.

Briquel-Chatonnet, E., Mosaïque  de Langues—Mosaïque  culturelle.  Le bilinguisme dans le Proche-Orient ancien.  Actes de la Table-Ronde du 18 novembre 1995 (Paris: Jean Maisonneuve, 1996).  Aramaic.

Briquel-Chatonnet, F., Manuscrits syriaques de la Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1997). Syriac.

Brock, S., From Ephrem to Romanos.  Interactions between Syria and Greece in Late Antiquity, Variorum Collected Studies Series CS664 (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 1999). Syriac.

Brock, S.P., and S.A. Harvey, Holy Women of the Syrian Orient, New edition with new preface (Berkeley: University of California, 1998). Syriac.

Brody, R., A Hand-List of Rabbinic Manuscripts in the Cambridge Genizah Collections, Cambridge University Library Series 5, Taylor-Schechter New Series 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).  Aramaic.

Bromberg, C.A., and P.O. Skjaervø, eds., Studies in Honor of Vladimir Livshits, Bulletin of the Asia Institute 10 (Bloomfield Hills, MI: Asia Institute Press, 1996). Syriac.

Brooke, G. et al., Qumran Cave 4, Parabiblical Texts 3, Discoveries in the Judean Desert 22 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

Browne, G.M., The Old Nubian Martyrdom of Saint Georges, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 575 (Leuven: Peeters, 1998). Syriac.

Burchard, C., Gesammelte Studien zu Joseph and Asenath, Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha 13 (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Burkett, D., The Son of Man Debate: A History and Evaluation, SNTMS 107 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Aramaic.

Carr, D.M., Reading the Fractures of Genesis: Historical and Literary Approaches (Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1996). Aramaic, Diatessaron.

Casey, M., Aramaic Sources of Mark’s Gospel, SNTSMS 102 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).  Aramaic.

Chaillot, C., The Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch and All the East.  A Brief Introduction to its Life and Spirituality (Geneva: Inter-Orthodox Dialogue, 1998).  Syriac.

Charlesworth, J.H, The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek Texts with English Translations.  vol 4A, Pseudepigraphic and Non-Masoretic Psalms and Prayers (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1997). Aramaic.

Charlesworth, J.H., and W.P. Weaver, The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christian Faith (Harrisburg: Trinity Press, 1998). Aramaic, Son of God Text.

Charlesworth, J.H., Critical Reflections on the Odes of Solomon: vol 1. Literary Setting, Textual Studies, Gnostocism, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Gospel of John (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).  Syriac.

Charlesworth, J.H., ed., Qumran Questions, Biblical Seminar 36 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995).

Charlesworth, J.H., H. Lichtenberger, and G.S. Oegema, eds., Qumran Messianism (Tübingen: Mohr & Siebeck, 1998). Aramaic.

Chazon, E.G., and M. Stone, eds., Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: the Apocalypse and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January, 1997, STDJ 31 (Leiden: Brill, 1999).  Aramaic.

Chialà, S., Libro delle Parabole de Enoc: Testo e commento, Studi biblici 117 (Brescia: Paidea, 1997). Aramaic.

Chyutin, M., The New Jerusalem Scroll from Qumran. A Comprehensive Reconstruction, JSPSupp 25 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Chyutin, M., The New Jerusalem Scroll from Qumran: A Comprehensive Reconstruction, JSPSup 25 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Cirillo, L., and A. van Tongerloo, Atti del terzo congresso internazionale di studi (Manicheismo e Oriente Cristiano antico), Arca vacata di Rene-Amantea, 31 agosto—5 settembre 1993, Manichaean Studies 3 (Brepols: Turnhout, 1997). Syriac.

Coakley, J.F., and K. Parry, eds., The Church of the East: Life and Thought, a special volume of the Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library 78:3 (1996).

Collins, J.J., Apocalypticism in the Dead Sea Scrolls (London: Routledge, 1997).

Collins, J.J., Jerusalem and the Temple in Jewish Apocalyptic Literature of the Second Temple Period, International Rennert Guest Lecture Series 1 (Ramat-Gan: Bar-Ilan University, 1998). 1 Enoch, Daniel.

Cotton, H.M. and A. Yardeni, Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek Documentary Texts from .ever and Other Sites with an Appendix Containing Alleged Qumran Texts (The Seiyâl Collection II), DJD 27 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1997). Aramaic, Nabataean.

Cox, C.E., Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotian in Armenia, SBLSCS 42 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996). Syriac.

Crown, A.D., A Catalogue of the Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Library (London: The British Library, 1998).  Aramaic, Ketubot.

Curtis, A.H.W., and T. Römer, eds., The Book of Jeremiah and its Reception, BetL 128 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1997). Syriac.

Daniels, Peter D. and William Bright, eds., The World’s Writing Systems (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996). Aramaic, see pp. 485-576.

Davies, G.F., Ezra and Nehemiah, A Michael Glazier Book (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1999). Aramaic.

Davies, Philip, Whose Bible Is It Anyway? (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995). Daniel 7.

Day, J., R.P. Gordon and H.G.M. Williamson, eds., Wisdom in Ancient Israel:  Essays in Honour of J. A. Emerton (Cambridge:  University Press, 1995). Aramaic.

De Jonge, M. and J. Tromp, The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature, Guides To Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha  (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997). Aramaic.

De Jonge, M., et al., The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature, Guides to Pseudepigrapha (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996).  Aramaic.

Debie, M., et al.,  A. de Lourniel trans. and introduction; M. Debie et al., annotations, Theodore de Mopsueste, Homélies a catéchétiques., Les Pères dans la foi 62-3 (Paris: Migne, 1996).  Syriac.

Desreumaux, A., Codex Sinaiticus Zosimi rescriptus, Histoire du Texte Biblique 3 (Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 1997). Syriac.

Deutsch, N., The Gnostic Imagination: Gnosticism, Mandaeism and Merkebah Mysticism, JeSt 13 (Leiden: Brill, 1995). Mandean.

Deutsch, R. and M. Heltzer, Windows to the Past (Tel Aviv-Jaffa: Israel Archaeological Society, 1997). Aramaic.

Dietrich, W., Die frühe Königszeit  in Israel: 10. Jahrhundert v. Chr., Biblische Enzyklopädie 3 (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1997).  Aramaic, Tel Dan.

DiLella, Alexander A., Daniel: A Book for Troubling Times (New York: New City, 1997). Daniel.

Dion, P.-E., Les Aramaéens  à l’âge du Fer: histoire, politique et structures sociales, Etude Bibliques nouvelle série 34 (Paris: Gabalda, 1999).  Aramaic.

Dirksen, Piet B., La Peshitta dell’Antico Testamento (Brescia: Paideia Editrice, 1993).

Doncel-Voûte, Pauline, Les Pavements des églises byzantines de Syrie et du Liban (Louvain la-Neuve: Université Catholique de Louvain, 1988).

Doton, Aron and Abraham Tal, eds., Studies in Hebrew Language: In Memory of Eliezer Rubenstien, Te’uda: The Chaim Rosenberg School of Jewish Studies Research Series 9 (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press, 1995).

Drijvers, H.J.W., and J.W. Drijvers, The Finding of the True Cross. The Judas Kyriakos Legend in Syriac. Introduction, Text, Translation, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 565 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997). Syriac.

Drijvers, H.J.W., History and Religion in Late Antique Syria, Variorum Collected Studies Series 464 (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 1994). Syriac.

Drijvers, H.J.W., The Old Syriac Inscriptions of Edessa and Osrhoene (Leiden: Brill, 1999). Syriac.

Drossaart, L.J., The Ancient Tradition in Christian and Islamic Hellenism (Leiden: Gerhard Endress/Remke Krug, 1997).  Syriac.

Eggers, E., Sprachwandel und Sprachmischung in Yiddischen (Frankfurt sur Main: Peter Lang, 1998). Aramaic.

Ejrnaes, B., N.P. Lemche, and M. Müller, eds., Dødehavsskrifterne  og de antikke kilder om essaeerne i ny oversaettelse [The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Ancient Sources concerning the Essenes in New Translation] (Frederiksberg: ANIS, 1998).  Aramaic, Genesis Apocryphon.

Elayi, J., and A. Lemaire, Graffiti et contremarques ouest-sémitiques sur les monnaies grecques et proche-orientales, Collana di Studi e Ricerche di  Numismatia 13 (Milano: Glanx, 1998). Aramaic.

Elgvin, T. et al., Discoveries in the Judean Desert XX: Qumran Cave 4 XV, Sapiential Texts (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Emerton, J.A., ed., Congress Volume, Paris 1992 (Leiden: Brill, 1995). Aramaic.

Ensor, P.W., Jesus and His Works. The Johannine Sayings in Historical Perspectives, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2 (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1996). Aramaic.

Eph‘al, I. and J. Naveh, Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century BC from Idumaea (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1996).

Erbes, J.E., The Peshitta and the Versions.  A Study of the Peshitta Variants in Joshua 1-5 in Relation to Their Equivalents in the Ancient Versions, Studia Semitica Upsaliensia 16 (Uppsala: Uppsala University Press, 1999).  Syriac.

Erbes, J.E., The Peshitta and the Versions. A Study of the Peshitta Variants in Joshua 1-5 in Relation to their Equivalents in the Ancient Versions, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia Semitica Upsaliensia 16 (Uppsala: Uppsala University Press, 1999). Syriac.

Erbes, J.E., The Peshitta and the Versions: A Study of the Peshitta Variants in Joshua 1-5 in Relation to Their Equivalents in the Ancient Versions, Studia Semitica Upsaliensia 16 (Uppsala, 1999).

Fabry, H.-J., A. Lange and H. Lichtenberger, eds., Qumranstudien.  Vorträge  und Beiträge der Teilnehmer des Qumranseminars auf dem internationalen Treffen der Society of Biblical Literature, Munster 25-26. Juli 1993, Schriften des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum 4 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996). Aramaic.

Feldman, L.H., Josephus’ Interpretation of the Bible (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Fenske, W., “Das Lied des Mose, des Knechtes Gottes, und das Lied des Lammes (Apokalypse des Johannes 15:3f),” ZNW 90:3-4 (1999): 250-64. See footnote on p. 252.

Ferrer, J., and M.A. Nogueras, Breve Diccionario Siriáca, Estudios de Filologia Semítica 1 (Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona, 1999). Syriac.

Ferrer, J., and M.A. Nogueras, Manual de Gramática Siriáca, Estudios de Filologia Semítica 2 (Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona, 1999). Syriac.

Feuerstein, R., Das Buch Baruch: Studien zur Textgestalt und Auslegungsgeschichte, EHS 23:614 (Berlin: Lang, 1997).  Syriac.

Fine, Steven, ed., Sacred Realm: the Emergence of the Synagogue in the Ancient World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Fitschen, K., and R. Staats, Grundbegriffe christlicher Ästhetik (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1997). Syriac.

Fitzmyer, J.A., The Acts of the Apostles. A new translation with introduction and commentary, Anchor Bible 31 (New York: Doubleday, 1998). Aramaic.

Fitzmyer, J.A., The Semitic Background of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1998). Combined Edition of Essays on the Semitic Background of the New Testament and A Wandering Aramean, with new related bibliography.

Fletcher-Louis, C.H.T., Luke—Acts: Angels, Christology and Soteriology, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/94 (Tübingen: Mohr & Siebeck, 1997).  Aramaic.

Flint, P.W., and J.C. VanderKam, eds., The Dead Sea Scrolls After Fifty Years: a Comprehensive Assessment (Leiden: Brill, 1998).  Aramaic.

Folmer, M.L., The Aramaic Language in the Achaemenid Period: A Study in Linguistic Variation (Leuven: Peeters, 1995).

Fox, Michael V., et al., eds., Texts, Temples and Traditions. A Tribute to Menachem Haran (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1996). Aramaic.

Fox, S.E., The Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Jihu, Semitica Viva 16 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1997). Aramaic.

Fries, J., Im Dienst am Hause des Herrn, Literaturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zu 2 Chr 29-31.  Zur Hiskijatradition in Chronik, ATSAT 60 (St. Ottilien: Erzabtei St. Ottilien Verlag, 1998). Syriac.

Frishman, J. and L. van Rompay, eds., The Book of Genesis in Jewish and Oriental Christian Interpretation, Tradition Exegetica Graeca 5 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997). Syriac.

García  Martínez, F. and E.J.C. Tigchelaar, eds., The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition, Vol. I: 1Q1-4Q273 (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Aramaic.

Gelzer, H., H. Hilgenfeld and O. Cuntz, eds., Patrum Nicaenorum Nomina Latine Graece Coptice Syriace Arabice Armeniace, BSGRT  (Leipzig: B.G. Teubner, 1995 [Reprint of 1898 edition]). Syriac.

Gieschen, C.A., Angelomorphic Christology. Antecedents and Early Evidence, Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums 42 (Leiden: Brill, 1998). Aramaic, Syriac.

Gitin, S., A. Mazar, and E. Stern, eds., Peoples in Transition: Thirteenth to Early Tenth Centuries B.C.E.  In Honor of Trudy Dothan (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1998). Aramaic, Tel Dan.

Glenthoy, J.B., Cain and Abel in Syriac and Greek Writers (4th to 6th centuries), CSCO 567 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997).  Syriac.

Glenthøy, J.B., Cain and Abel in Syriac and Greek Writers (4th—6th Centuries), Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 567 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997).

Goldenberg, G., Studies in Semitic Linguistics (Jerusalem: Magness, 1998). Aramaic, Neo-Aramaic, Syriac and Hebrew.

Gordon, R.P., “‘Converse Translation’ in the Targums and Beyond,” JSP 19 (1999): 3-21.

Greenspoon, L. and O. Munnich, eds., VIII Congress of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies, Paris 1992, Society of Biblical Literature Septuagint and Cognate Studies Series 41 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995). Aramaic.

Haas, P.J., Responsa: Literary History of a Rabbinic Genre, SBL Semeia Studies (Atlanta: Scholars, 1996). Aramaic.

Hadas-Lebel, M., Histoire de la langue hébraïque: Des origines à l’époque de la Mishna, Collection de la Revue des Etudes juives (Louvain: Peeters, 1995).

Hallo, W.W. and K.L. Younger, eds., The Context of Scripture: vol. 1, Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Aramaic.

Herzer, J., Die Parilopomena Jeremiae: Studien zu Tradition und Redaktion einer Haggada des frühen Judentums, Texte und Studien zum antiken Judentums 43 (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1994). Syriac. Apocalypse of Baruch.

Hetzron, R., The Semitic Languages, Routledge Language Family Descriptions (London: Routledge, 1997). Aramaic, Syriac.

Hikers, D.R., and E. Cussine, eds., Palmyrene Aramaic Texts (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).

Hill, A.E., Malachi: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (NY: Doubleday, 1998). Aramaic.

Hillers, Delbert R. and Eleanor Cussini, Palmyrene Aramaic Texts (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).

Hoerth, A.J., G.L. Mattingly and E.M. Yamauchi, eds., Peoples of the Old Testament World (Cambridge: Lutterworth Press, 1996). Aramaic. Forward by A.R. Millard.

Hoffman, L.A., Covenant of Blood: Circumcision and Gender in Rabbinic Judaism, Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism  (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996). Aramaic, references in Chapter 7.

Hoffmann, H., Das Gesetz in der frühjüdischen Apokalyptic, SUNT 23 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1999). Aramaic, Daniel.

Hoftijzer, J. and K. Jongeling, eds., Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions, Handbuch der Orientalisk 21 (Leiden: Brill, 1997).

Holman, C.L., Till Jesus Comes: Origins of Christian Apocalyptic Expectation (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1996).  Aramaic. Apocalypse of Abraham.

Horbury, W., Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999). Aramaic.

Hunger, Herrmann, ed., Astrological Reports to Assyrian Kings (Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1992). Aramaic.

Isre’el, S., and R. Drory, eds., Language and Culture of the Near East, Israel Oriental Studies 15 (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Aramaic.

Jastrow, O., Der Neuaramäische Dialekt  von MLA., Semitica Viva 14 (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1994). Aramaic.

Jastrow, Otto, Lehrbuch der .uroyo-Sprache (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1992). Aramaic.

Jeffers, A., Magic and Divination in Ancient Palestine and Syria (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Daniel.

Jefford, C.N., The Didache in Context.  Essays on Its Text, History and Transmission (Leiden: Brill, 1995). Aramaic.

Jobling, W.J., Nabataean Aramaic: a Provisional Lexicon (Kensington, MD: Dunwoody Press, 1995). Nabatean.

Joosse, N.P., The Sermon on the Mount in the Arabic Diatessaron (Amsterdam: Centrale Huisdrukkerje VU, 1997).  Syriac.

Kapera, S.J., ed., Mogilany 1995: Papers of the Dead Sea Scrolls.  In memory of Aleksy Klawek, Qumranica  Mogilanensia 15 (Krakow: Enigma Press, 1998). Aramaic, Mandean.

Kaufhold, H., Byzantinische Rechtsbücher in armenischer Übersetzung (Frankfurt am Main: Lowenklau Gesellschaft, 1997). Syriac.

Keck, L.E., The New Interpreter’s Bible. Introduction to Apocalyptic Literature: Daniel: The Twelve Prophets (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1996).

Kelley, P.H., D.S. Mynatt and T.G. Crawford, eds., The Masorah of Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia: Introduction and Annotated Glossary (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998).  Aramaic.

Khatibi, A., and M. Sijelmassi, Die Kunst der islamischen Kalligrafie (Köln: DuMont, 1995). Syriac.

Kiraz, G.A., Comparative Edition of the Syriac Gospels, Aligning the Sinaiticus, Curetonianus, Peshîttâ and Harklean Versions (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Kiraz, George Anton, Lexical Tools to the Syriac New Testament (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1994).

Kohlenberger, J.R., and J.A. Swanson, The Hebrew English Concordance to the Old Testament with the New International Version (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1998).  Aramaic.

Köhler, B., ed., Religion und Wahrheit: religionsgeschichtliche Studien: Festschrift für Gernot Wiessner zum 65. Geburtstag (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, 1998). Syriac.

Koodapuzha, X., Oriental Churches, an Introduction (Kottayam, India: OIRSI, 1996). Aramaic: The Original Expression of Christianity.

Koster, M.D., “The Copernican Revolution in the Study of the Origins of the Peshitta,” in Targum Studies, vol. 2, pp. 15-54.

Kraemer, D., Reading the Rabbis. The Talmud as Literature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Kraemer, R.S., When Aseneth Met Joseph. A Late Antique Tale of the Biblical Patriarch and His Egyptian Wife, Reconsidered ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1998). Syriac.

Kugler, R., From Patriarch to Priest. The Levi-Priestly Tradition from Aramaic Levi to Testament of Levi, SBLEJL 9 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996).

Laato, A., A Star is Rising: The Historical Development of the Old Testament Royal Ideology and the Rise of the Jewish Messianic Expectations, University of South Forida International Studies in Formative Christianity and Judaism 5 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997). Syriac.

Laperrousaz, E.-M., ed. Qoumrân et les Manuscrits de la Mer Morte.  UnCinquantaire, Collection Études Annexes de la Bible de Jérusalem  (Paris: Cerf, 1997). Aramaic.

LaSor, W.S., et al., Old Testament Survey: the Message, Form and Background of the Old Testament, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1996). Tel Dan.  Aramaic.

Lavenant, R., VII Symposium Syriacum 1996, OCA 256 (Rome: Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1998).  Syriac.

Leicht, R., et al., Magische Texte aus der Kairoer Geniza III, Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 72 (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1999). Aramaic.

Leith, M.J.W., Wadi Daliyeh.  Vol 1 The Wadi Daliyeh Seal Impressions, DJD 24 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1997). Aramaic.

Lemche, N.P., The Israelites in History and Tradition (Louisville: Westminster-John Knox, 1998). Aramaic, Tel Dan.

Lete, O., and J.L. Montero Fenollós, eds., Archaeology of the Upper Syrian Euphrates, the Tishrin Dam Area.  Proceedings of the International Symposium at Barcelona, January 28-30, 1998, Aula Orientalis Supplementa 15 (Barcelona: Editorial Ausa, 1999). Syriac.

Levin, S., Semitic and Indo-European: The Principal Etymologies, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 129 (Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1995).  Aramaic.

Levine, B.A., et al., eds., Eretz-Israel: Frank Moore Cross Volume, Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies 26 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1999). Aramaic.

Levine, B.A., P.J. King, J. Naveh, and E. Stern, eds., Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies.  In honor of F. M. Cross, Eretz-Israel 26 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1999). Aramaic.

Lipi´ski, E., Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 80 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997).  Aramaic.

Lipi´ski, E., Studies in Aramaic inscriptions and onomastics, OLA 57 (Leuven: Peeters, 1994). Aramaic.

Longnecker, Bruce W., 2 Esdras (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995). Apocalypse of Abraham.

Lozachmeur, H., ed. Presènce arabe dans le croissant fertile avant l’Hegire (Actes de la table ronde internationale Paris, 13, Novembre 1993) (Paris: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 1995). Aramaic.

Lubetski, M., et al., eds., Boundaries of the Ancient Near Eastern World:  A Tribute to Cyrus H. Gordon, JSOTSupp 273 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Lupieri, E., I Mandei gli ultimi gnostici, BrCuRel 61 (Brescia: Paideia, 1993). Mandean.

Lutz, E., Polygenesis, Convergence, and Entropy: An Alternative Model of Linguistic Evolution Applied to Semitic Linguistics (Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1998).  Aramaic.

Lyon, J.P., Syriac Gospel Translations; a comparison of the language and translation method used in the Old Syriac, the Diatessaron, and the, CSCOr, Subsidia 88 (Leuven: Peeters, 1994). Syriac.

MacKenzie, R.K., The Author of the Apocalypse: A Review of the Prevailing Hypothesis of Jewish-Christian Authorship, Mellen Biblical Press Series 51 (Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1997). Aramaic.

Magness, J., and S. Gitin, eds., Hesed Ve-Emet: Studies in Honor of Ernest S. Frerichs, BJS 320 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Marcos, Natalio Fernandéz, et al., El Texto Antiquido de la Biblia Griega, vol. 3: 1-2 (Madrid: Instituto de Filologia del CSIC, 1995). Peshitta.

Martinez, Florentino García and Donald W. Parry, A Bibliography of the Finds in the Desert of Judah 1970-1995 (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Aramaic.

Mason, S., ed., Understanding Josephus: Seven Perspectives, JSP Sup 32 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).  Aramaic.

Mathews, E.G., The Armenian Commentary on Genesis: Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 572, 3 (Leuven: Peeters, 1998). Syriac.

McCarter, K., Ancient Inscriptions. Voices from the Biblical World, VT Supplements 60 (Leiden: Brill, 1966).

McLaren, J.S., Turbulent Times?  Josephus and Scholarship on Judaea in the First Century CE, JSPSup 29 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998). Aramaic, Josephus’ Jewish Wars.

McLay, T., The OG and the Versions of Daniel, SBL Septuagint and Cognate Studies Series 43 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997).

McLeod, F.G., The Image of God in the Antiochene Tradition (Washington: Catholic University of America, 1999). Syriac.

Meadors, E.P., Jesus: the Messianic Herald of Salvation (Peabody: Hendrikson, 1997).  Aramaic.

Mildenberg, L., Vestigia Leonis– Studien zur antiken Numismatik Israels, Palästinas und der östlichen Mittelmeerwelt, NTOA 36 (Freiburg: Universitätsverlag, 1998). Aramaic.

Mirecki, P. and J. BeDuhn, eds., Emerging from Darkness.  Studies in the Recovery of Manichaean Sources (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Syriac.

Muchiki, Y., Egyptian Proper Names and Loanwords in North-West Semitic, SBLDS 173 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999). Aramaic.

Munoa, P.B., Four Powers in Heaven: The Interpretation of Daniel 7 in the Testament of Abraham, JSPSupp 28 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Muraoka, T. and B. Porten, A Grammar of Egyptian Aramaic, Handbuch der Orientalistik, Abt. I: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 32 (Leiden: Brill, 1998). Aramaic.

Muraoka, T., Classical Syriac: a Basic Grammar with a Chrestomathy, Porta Linguarum Oriental, Neue Serie 19 (Wiesbaden: O. Harrasowitz, 1997).  Syriac.

Muraoka, T., Hebrew/Aramaic Index to the Septuagint: Keyed to the Hatch-Redpath Concordance (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998). Aramaic.

Murphy, R.E., Proverbs, Word Biblical Commentary 22 (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1998). Aramaic.

Nachman, A., Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals (Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1997). Revised and completed by B. Sass. Aramaic.

Nakano, A., Ethnographical texts in modern western Aramaic (dialect of Jubb‘adin), Studies in Cultural Islam 49 (Tokyo: Institute of Asia and Africa, 1994). Aramaic.

Naveh, J., Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century B.C. from Idumea (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1996).  Aramaic.

Negev, A., The Archaeology of Oboda: Final Report. Qedem 36 (Jerusalem: Institute of Archaeology, 1997).  Nabatean.

Neri, U., Genesi: versione ufficiale italiana confrontata con ebraico masoretico, greco dei Settanta, siriaco della Peshitta, latino della Vulgata: commenti de autore greci...siriaci...latini, BIBLIA AT 1 (Bologna: EDB, 1995).  Syriac.

Newsom, C.A., and S.H. Ringe, eds., Women’s Bible Commentary: Expanded Edition with Apocrypha (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1998).  Aramaic. New article on Hebrew and Aramaic Book of Daniel in this expanded edition of the 1992 original work.

Niditch, S., Oral World and Written Word. Orality and Literacy in Ancient Israel (London: SPCK, 1997). Aramaic.

Noy, D., Jewish Inscriptions of Western Europe. Vol 2: The City of Rome (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Oegema, G.S., The Anointed and His People: Messianic Expectations from Maccabees to Bar Kochba, JSP Supp 27 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).  Aramaic, Daniel.

Oegema, G.S., Zwischen Hoffnung und Gericht:  Untersuchungen zur Rezeption der Apokalyptik im frühen Christentum und Judentum, WMANT 82 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1999). Aramaic, Apocalypse of Abraham.

Palmer, A., The Seventh Century in the West-Syrian Chronicles (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1993).

Parker, D.C., The Living Text of the Gospels (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).  Syriac.

Parker, S.B., Stories in Scripture and Inscriptions: Comparative Studies on Narratives in Northwest Semitic Inscriptions and the Hebrew Bible (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).  Aramaic.

Parpola, Simo, ed., Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars (Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1993).

Parry, D.W., and E. Ulrich, eds., The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, STDJ 30 (Leiden: Brill, 1999).  Aramaic.

Pazzini, M., Grammatica Siriaca (Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1999). Syriac.

Pedersen, O., Katalog der beschriften Objekte aus Assur: Die Schriftträger mit Ausnahme der Tontafeln und ähnlicher Archivtexte,  Abhandlungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 23 (Berlin: Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft, 1997). Aramaic.

Péluse, I. de, Lettres.  Tome I: Lettres 1214-1413.  Introduction, text critique, traduction et notes - P. Évieux, Sources Chrétiennes 422 (Paris: Cerf, 1997). Syriac. 

Pérez  Fernández, M., An Introductiory Grammar of Rabbinic Hebrew (Leiden: Brill, 1997). Aramaic.

Petersen, W.L., et al., eds., Sayings of Jesus: Canonical and Non-canonical.  Essays in Honour of Tjitze Baarda (Leiden: Brill, 1997).  Aramaic. See especially first paper by J.N. Birdsall.

Ploeg, J.P.M., van der, The Book of Judith (daughter of Merari) (Kottayam: St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 1991). Syriac text with translation and footnotes.

Plummer, R., Samaritan Marriage Contracts and Deeds of Divorce (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1993).

Podella, T., Das Lichtkleid JHWHs. Untersuchungen zur Gestalthaftigkeit Gottes im Alten Testament und seiner altorientalischen Umwelt, Forschungen zum Alten Testament 15 (Tübingen: Mohr, 1996). Syriac.

Poirot, E., Les Prophètes Élie et Élisée dans la littérature chrétienne ancienne (Brepols: Turnhout, 1997). Syriac.

Porten, B., and A. Yardeni, Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt: vol. 4,  Ostraca and Assorted Inscriptions (Jerusalem: Hebrew University, 1999). Aramaic.

Porten, Bezalel, et al., The Elephantine Papyri in English: Three Millennia of Cross-Cultural Continuity and Change (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Porter, S.E., and C.A. Evans, The Scrolls and the Scriptures.  Qumran 50 Years After, JSP SuppSer 26 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Putnam, F.C., A Cumulative Index to the Grammar and Syntax of Biblical Hebrew (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1999). Aramaic.

R.A. Kugler and E.M. Schuller, eds., The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, SBLEJL 15 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999). Aramaic.

Rabenau, Merten, Studien zum Buch Tobit (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1994).

Radner, K., The Prosopography of the Neo-Assian Empire, 2 vols. (Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1998-9). Aramaic.

Redditt, P.L., Daniel; Based on the New Revised Standard Version, New Century Bible Commentary, (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999). Aramaic, Daniel.

Reeves, J.C., Heralds of That Good Realm: Syro-Mesopotamian Gnosis and Jewish Traditions, NHS and Manichaean Studies 41 (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Aramaic, Mandaean.

Reiterer, F.V., et al., Bibliographie zu Ben Sira, BZAW 266 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1998). Aramaic.

Reiterer, F.V., Freundschaft bei Ben Sira (Salzburg: F.V. Reiterer, 1995). Syriac.

Rignell, G., and K.-E. Rignell, eds., The Peshitta to the Book of Job: Critically Investigated with Introduction, Translation, Commentary and Summary (Kristianstad: Monitor Forlaget, 1994). Syriac.

Rodrigues-Pereira, A.S., Studies in Aramaic Poetry (c 100 BCE - 600 CE). Selected Jewish, Christian and Samaritan Poems, Studia Semitica Neerlandica 34 (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1997).

Rosen, H.B., Hebrew at the Crossroads of Cultures: from Outgoing Antiquity to the Middle Ages, Orbis Supplementa 3 (Leuven: Peeters, 1995). Aramaic.

Rudolph, K., Gnosis und spätantik Religionsgeschichte: gesammelte Aufsätze, Nag Hamadi Studies 42 (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Mandean.

Russell, David M., The “New Heavens and New Earth”: Hope for the Creation in Jewish Apocalyptic and the New Testament (Philadelphia: Visionary, 1996). I Enoch.

Rutgers, L.V., P.W. van der Horst, H.W. Havelaar, and L. Tengels, eds., The Use of Sacred Books in the Ancient World, Contributions to Bible Exegesis and Theology 22 (Leuven: Peeters, 1998). Syriac. Peshitta.

Sabar, Yona, The Book of Deuteronomy in Neo-Aramaic in the Dialect of the Jewish Community of Zakho, Including Selected Texts in Other Neo-Aramaic Dialects and a Glossary (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1994).

Sacchi, P., trans. W.J. Short, Jewish Apocalyptic and Its History, JSPSupp 20 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997). Aramaic.

Sader, H.S., Les états araméens de Syrie depuis leur fondation jusqu’a leur transformation en provinces assyriennes, Beiruter Texte und Studien 36 (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1987). Aramaic.

Salvesen, A., ed., Origen’s Hexapla and Fragments: Papers Presented at the Rich Seminar on the Hexapla, Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 1994, TSAJ 58 (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1998).  Syriac.

Salveson, A., The Books of Samuel in the Syriac Version of Jacob of Edessa, MPIL 10 (Leiden: Brill, 1999). Syriac.

Sawyer, J.F.A., Sacred Languages and Sacred Texts (London: Routledge, 1999).  Aramaic.

Schaak, T., Die Ungeduld des Papiers: Studien zum alttestamentlichen Verständnis des Schreibens anhand des verbums katab im kontext administrativer vorgänge, BZAW 262 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1998). Syriac, Aramaic.

Schäfer, P. and S. Shaked, Magische Texte aus der Kairoer Geniza, vol. 3 (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999). Cairo Geniza, Aramaic.

Schams, C., “The Status and Functions of Jewish Scribes in the Second Temple Period,” 1996, Ph.D. dissertation. Oxford University. Dissertation abstract in TynB 49:2 (1998): 377-80.

Schams, C., Jewish Scribes in the Second Temple Period, JSOT Sup 291 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).  Aramaic.

Schenk, W., Das biographische Ich-idiom <Menschensohn> in den frühen Jesus-Biographien. Der Ausdruck, seine Codes und seine Rezeptionen in ihren Kontexten, FRLANT 177 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997). Aramaic.

Schiffman, L.H., and J.C. VanderKam, eds., Encyclopaedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 2 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). Aramaic.

Schmitt, A., Wende des Lebens: Untersuchungen zu einem Situation-Motiv der Bible, BZAW 237 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996). Aramaic.

Schnittjer, G.E., Torah Reading Cycle (Morrisville, PA: Biblion Publishing, 1999). Annual cycle of Torah reading.

Schöllgen, G., Die Anfäng der Professionalisierung des Klerus und das kirchliche Amt in der syrischen Didaskalie (Münster: Aschendorff, 2000). Syriac.

Schottroff, L., and M.-T. Wacker, eds., Kompendium Feministische Bibelauslegung (Gütersloh: Kaiser Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 1998). Aramaic, Tobit.

Schrader, L., Verwandschaft der Peschitta mit der (alt)lateinischen Übersetzung im Sirachbuch?  Ein Beitrag zum Methodik textgeschichtlicher Forschung (München: Institut für Biblische Exegese, 1998). Syriac.

Schröter, J., Erinnerung au Jesu Worte.  Studim zur Rezeption der Logienüberlieferung in Markus, Q und Thomas, Wissenschaftliche Monographien zum Alten und Neuen Testament 76 (Neukirchen: Neukirchener Verlag, 1997). Aramaic.

Schubert, F., Tradition und Erneuerung.  Studien zum Jubiläenbuch und seinem Trägerkreis, EHS 23:771 (Frankfurt am Main: P. Lang, 1998).  Aramaic, 1 Enoch.

Schwemer, A.M., Vitae Prophetarum, Judische Schrifter aus hellenistische-römischer Zeit Band 1, Lieferung 7 (Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 1997). Mandean.

Scott, J.M., Paul and the Nations: The Old Testament and Jewish Background of Paul’s Mission to the Nations with Special Reference to the Destination of Galatians, WUNT 84 (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1995).

Seow, C.-L., Ecclesiastes: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, Anchor Bible 18c (NY: Doubleday, 1997). Aramaic.

Silverstein, T. and A. Hilhorst, Apocalypse of Paul.  A New Critical Edition of Three Long Latin Versions, Cahiers Orientalisme 21 (Geneva: Patrick Cramer, 1997). Syriac.

Sims, J.H., A Comparative Literary Study of Daniel and Revelation: Shaping the End (Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1995). Aramaic.

Skalmowski, Wojciech and Tongerloo, eds., Medioiranica. Proceedings of the International Colloquium Organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven from the 21st to the 23rd of May 1990, OLA 48 (Leuven: Peeters, 1993). Aramaic.

Sperling, S.D., The Original Torah:  The Political Intent of the Bible’s Writers (New York: NYU Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Spitaler, A., Philologica Beiträge zur Arabiskik und Semitistik (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998). Aramaic.

Stemberger, G., Jewish Contemporaries of Jesus: Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995).

Stirnemann, A., and G. Wilflinger, eds., Syriac Dialogue: Third non-official Consultation on Dialogue within the Syriac Tradition (Vienna: Pro Oriente, 1998). Syriac.

Stone, M.E., Texts and Concordances of Armenian Adam Literature. Vol. 1, Genesis 1-4, Penitence of Adam, Book of Adam, SBLEJL 12 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996). Aramaic.

Stuckenbruck, L.T., The Book of Giants from Qumran, TSAJ 63 (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr [Siebeck] 1997). Aramaic, Daniel comparisons.

Suermann, H., Die Grundungsgeschichte der Maronitischen Kirche, Oriental Biblica et Christiana 10 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998). Syriac.

Talmon, S., C. Newsom, and Y. Yadin, Masada VI: Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963-1965 Final Reports: Hebrew Fragments from Masada: The Ben Sira Scroll from Masada (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1999).  Aramaic, Genesis Apocryphon.

Ter Haar Romeny, B., A Syrian in Greek Dress: The Use of Greek, Hebrew and Syriac Biblical Texts in Eusebius of Emesa’s Commentary on Genesis, Traditio Exegetica Graeca 6 (Leuven: Peeters, 1997). Syriac.

Teule, H., and A. Wessels, eds., Oosterse christenen binnen de wereld van de islam (Kampen: Uitgiverij. Kok, 1997). Syriac.

Thompson, T.L., The Mythic Past: Biblical Archaeology and the Myth of History (New York: Basic Books, 1999). Aramaic.

Toorn, Karel van der, Family Religion in Babylonia, Syria and Israel: Continuity and Change in the Forms of Religious Life (Leiden: Brill, 1996). Aramaic.

Ulrich, E., The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible, Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature, (Leiden: Brill, 1999). Aramaic, 4QDan.

VanderKam, J. and E. Tov, eds., Qumran Cave 4: Parabiblical Texts Part 2 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

VanderKam, J.C., Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls, (NY: Routledge, 1998). Aramaic.

VanderKam, James C. and William Adler, eds., The Jewish Apocalyptic Heritage in Early Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1996). I Enoch.

Varol, M.-C., Manuel de judeo-éspanol, langue et culture (Paris: L’Asiathèque, 1998). Aramaic.

Vazheeparampil, P., The Making and Unmaking of Tradition: Towards a Theology of the Liturgical Renewal in the Syro-Malabar Church (Rome: Mar Thoma Yogam, 1998). Syriac, Liturgical language.

Wagner, C., Die Septuaginta-Hapaxlegomena im Buch Jesus Sirach: Untersuchungen zu Wortwahl und Wortbildung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des textkritischen und übersetzungstechnischen Aspekts (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1999). Syriac.

Wardini, E., ed., Built on Solid Rock: Studies in Honour of Professor Ebbe Egede Knudsen on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, April 11th, 1997, Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture B (Oslo: Novus Forlag, 1997). Aramaic.

Warline, R.A., Penitential Prayer in Second Temple Judaism: The Development of a Religious Institution, SBL Early Judaism and Its Literature 13 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998). Aramaic.

Widengren, G., A. Hultgard, and M. Philenko, Apocalyptic iranienne et dualisme qoumrânien, Recherches intertestamentaires 2 (Paris: Adrien Maisonneuve, 1995).  Aramaic, Daniel.

Wilson, S., Related Strangers: Jews and Christians 70-170 C.E. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995).

Wineman, A., Mystic Tales from the Zohar (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1997). Aramaic. Art by D. Palley.

Winkler, D.W., Koptische Kirche und Reichskirche (Innsbruck-Wien: Tyrolia, 1997). Syriac.

Winter, F., Bardesanes von Edessa über Indien, Frühes Christentum Forschungen und Perspektiven 5 (Innsbruck: Thaur, 1999). Syriac.

Witakowski, W., ed. and trans., Pseudo-Dionysus of Tel Mahre: Chronicle (Known also as the Chronicle of Zugnin), Part 3, Translated Texts for Historians 22 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1996).  Syriac.

Wurst, G., Das Bêmafest der ägyptischen Manichäer, Arbeiten zum spät antiken und koptischen Ägypten 8 (Altenberge: Martin Krause, 1995). Aramaic.

Yardeni, A., The Book of Hebrew Script (Jerusalem: Carta, 1997).

Young, B.H., Jesus the Jewish Theologian (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1995). Aramaic.

Young, I., Diversity in Pre-Exilic Hebrew, Forschungen zum Alten Testament 5 (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1993). Also Aramaic.

Zager, W., Gottesherrschaft und Endgericht in der Verkundigung Jesu, BZNW 82 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996). Aramaic.

Zehnder, M.P., Wegmetaphorik im Alten Testament: Eine Semantische Untersuchung der alttestamentlichen mit besondere Berücksichtigung  ihrer metaphorischen Verwendung, BZAW 268 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1999).  Aramaic.

Zimmerman, J., Messianische Texte aus Qumran.  Königliche, priesterliche und schriftfunden von Qumran (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1998). Aramaic.